Résumé : Background: In order to support the positioning of Rho kinase inhibitors (Rhokis) in the European market for the treatment of glaucoma, scientific evidence comparing the efficacy and safety of Rhokis and beta-blockers (β-βs) in the treatment of open-angle glaucoma after 3 months was assembled through a systematic review and meta-analysis (meta-A) of randomized controlled trials (RCTs). Methods: Relevant articles were searched for on PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library. Of the 251 articles found, three met all eligibility criteria. These three articles were assessed for risk of bias. Data were extracted and a random effects meta-A was performed. The studies' methods were homogeneous but there was great heterogeneity within the data (I2 = 92-93%; p < 0.001). Results: All studies had low risk of bias. The meta-A showed statistically better efficacy of β-βs, resulting in an intraocular pressure (IOP) reduction mean difference of 1.73 (1.19-2.27) at 8 a.m., 0.66 (0.19-1.15) at 10 a.m. and 0.49 mmHg (0.001-0.98) at 4 p.m., compared to Rhokis. This difference is not clinically significant as intra-operator variability of IOP measurements varies from ±2 to ±3 mmHg The adverse effects of Rhokis were essentially topical, whereas β-βs mainly caused systemic side effects. Conclusions: This Meta-A showed that Rhokis are clinically non-inferior to beta-blockers in reducing IOP. Rhokis have a better safety profile.