Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Background: At the dawn of the pandemic, severe forms of COVID-19 were often complicated by thromboembolisms. However, routine laboratory tests cannot be used to predict thromboembolic events. The objective of this study was to investigate the potential value of the thrombin generation test (TGT) in predicting hypercoagulability and thrombotic risk in the aforementioned set of patients. Methods: The study panel comprised 52 patients divided into two groups (26 COVID-19 positive and 26 COVID-19 negative); COVID-19-positive patients were further grouped in “severe” (n = 11) and “non-severe” (n = 15) categories based on clinical criteria. The routine blood tests and TGT of these patients were retrospectively analyzed. Results: All 26 COVID-19-positive patients showed decreased lymphocyte, monocyte and basophil counts and increased lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), aspartate aminotransferase (AST), and alanine transaminase (ALT) compared with control patients. Conversely, we did not observe statistically significant differences between severe and non-severe patients despite anecdotal variations in the distribution patterns. TGT without thrombomodulin (TM) addition showed statistically significant differences in the thrombin peak heights between COVID-19-positive and negative patients. After addition of TM, peak height, Endogenous Thrombin Potential (ETP) and velocity index were increased in all COVID-19-positive patients while the percentage of inhibition of ETP was reduced. These trends correlated with the severity of disease, showing a greater increase in peak height, ETP, velocity index and a drastic reduction in the percentage of ETP inhibition in more severely affected patients. Conclusions: Our data suggest that all COVID-19 patients harbor a hypercoagulable TGT profile and that this is further pronounced in severely affected patients.