par Metais, Julie
Référence Journal of sonic studies
Publication A Paraître, 2023-06-01
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Ethnographic work generally involves the production of sound recordings, whether or not the research includes a sound dimension (as a material or as a research object). Field recordings produce sound data with which anthropological research is immediately associated: recorded interviews, sound recordings of situations or interactions, or archival documents. But the sound corpus of the ethnographical research does not stop there, it also includes recorded "notepads", recordings related to daily life in the field, telephone messages... A large part of these sound data is discarded at the time of the analysis and the writing. This exclusion of certain kind of data is done in the name of three main reasons: because they are dissonant, they do not "fit" with the question, the research theme or the analytical grid; because they are related to the personal and logistical aspects of the fieldwork, they lack "scientificity" ; finally sound data of poor quality, not very audible, which are considered as scorias. What if it were otherwise? Could some of these rubbish, rushes, scorias enrich anthropological research? In what way? If anthropologists' field notes remain largely unthought, the same is true of their recordings. This epistemological questioning on the "ethnographic sound" covers more broadly a reflection on the nature and the limits of ethnographic work. I will be particularly interested in the narrative and sensitive resources of these neglected audio materials for an ethnographic sound writing. I will rely on ethnographical data related to my research in Mexico (Oaxaca) and Brazil (Porto Seguro).