Résumé : Two decades ago, the fish-specific monoclonal antibody 4C4 was found to be highly reactive to zebrafish microglia, the macrophages of the central nervous system. This has resulted in 4C4 being widely used, in combination with available fluorescent transgenic reporters to identify and isolate microglia. However, the target protein of 4C4 remains unidentified, which represents a major caveat. In addition, whether the 4C4 expression pattern is strictly restricted to microglial cells in zebrafish has never been investigated.