Résumé : Slow frequency activity during non-rapid eye movement (NREM) sleep emerges from synchronized activity of widely distributed thalamo-cortical and cortico-cortical networks, reflecting homeostatic and restorative properties of sleep. Slow frequency activity exhibits a reactive nature, and can be increased by acoustic stimulation. Although non-invasive brain stimulation is a promising technique in basic and clinical sleep research, sensory stimulation studies focusing on modalities other than the acoustic are scarce. We explored here the potential of lateralized vibro-tactile stimulation (VTS) of the finger to locally modify electroencephalographic activity during nocturnal NREM sleep. Eight seconds-long sequences of vibro-tactile pulses were delivered at a rate of 1 Hz either to the left or to the right index finger, in addition to a sham condition, in fourteen healthy participants. VTS markedly increased slow frequency activity that peaked between 1-4 Hz but extended to higher (~13 Hz) frequencies, with fronto-central dominance. Enhanced slow frequency activity was accompanied by increased (14-22 Hz) fast frequency power peaking over central and posterior locations. VTS increased the amplitude of slow waves, especially during the first 3-4 s of stimulation. Noticeably, we did not observe local-hemispheric effects, that is, VTS resulted in a global cortical response regardless of stimulation laterality. VTS moderately increased slow and fast frequency activities in resting wakefulness, to a much lower extent compared to NREM sleep. The concomitant increase in slow and fast frequency activities in response to VTS indicates an instant homeostatic response coupled with wake-like, high-frequency activity potentially reflecting transient periods of increased environmental processing.