Résumé : Background: To assess the prevalence and evolution of transmitted drug resistance (TDR) in Belgium, a total of 3708 baseline human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-1 polymerase sequences from patients diagnosed between 2013 and 2019 were analyzed. Methods: Protease and reverse-transcriptase HIV-1 sequences were collected from the 7 national Aids Reference Laboratories. Subtype determination and drug resistance scoring were performed using the Stanford HIV Drug Resistance Database. Trends over time were assessed using linear regression, and the maximum likelihood approach was used for phylogenetic analysis. Results: A total of 17.9% of the patients showed evidence of TDR resulting in at least low-level resistance to 1 drug (Stanford score ≥15). If only the high-level mutations (Stanford score ≥60) were considered, TDR prevalence dropped to 6.3%. The majority of observed resistance mutations impacted the sensitivity for nonnucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (NNRTIs) (11.4%), followed by nucleoside reverse-transcriptase inhibitors (6.2%) and protease inhibitors (2.4%). Multiclass resistance was observed in 2.4%. Clustered onward transmission was evidenced for 257 of 635 patients (40.5%), spread over 25 phylogenetic clusters. Conclusions: The TDR prevalence remained stable between 2013 and 2019 and is comparable to the prevalence in other Western European countries. The high frequency of NNRTI mutations requires special attention and follow-up. Phylogenetic analysis provided evidence for local clustered onward transmission of some frequently detected mutations.