Résumé : The head and neck tumor microenvironment (TME) is highly infiltrated with macro-phages. More specifically, tumor‐associated macrophages (TAM/M2‐like) are one of the most critical components associated with poor overall survival in head and neck cancers (HNC). Two extreme states of macrophage phenotypes are described as conducting pro‐inflammatory/anti‐tumoral (M1) or anti‐inflammatory/pro‐tumoral (M2) activities. Moreover, specific metabolic pathways as well as oxidative stress responses are tightly associated with their phenotypes and functions. Hence, due to their plasticity, targeting M2 macrophages to repolarize in the M1 phenotype would be a promising cancer treatment. In this context, we evaluated macrophage infiltration in 60 HNC patients and demonstrated the high infiltration of CD68+ cells that were mainly related to CD163+ M2 macro-phages. We then optimized a polarization protocol from THP1 monocytes, validated by specific gene and protein expression levels. In addition, specific actors of glutamine pathway and oxidative stress were quantified to indicate the use of glutaminolysis by M2 and the production of reactive oxygen species by M1. Finally, we evaluated and confirmed the plasticity of our model using M1 activators to repolarize M2 in M1. Overall, our study provides a complete reversible polarization protocol allowing us to further evaluate various reprogramming effectors targeting glutaminolysis and/or oxidative stress in macrophages.