Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : In a recent article, Balaban and colleagues developed the iTDtest allowing characterization of the type of interactions between different antibiotics at bactericidal concentrations (J.-F. Liu et al., mBio 13:e00004-22, 2022). This visual and semiquantitative assay is designed to determine how antibiotic cocktails affect tolerance and persistence, two phenomena of major importance for the eradication of difficult-to-treat pathogens. Importantly, Balaban and colleagues identified antibiotic combinations allowing for complete clearance of persister and tolerant cells. This commentary discusses the translation of this assay in clinical settings, where antibiotic combination therapies appear to be applied in specific contexts, such as in acute infections or in the case of multidrug or extensively drug-resistant pathogens.