par Kozyreff, Gregory
Référence Physical Review E, 107, 014219
Publication Publié, 2023-01-31
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : The universal theory of weakly nonlinear wave packets given by the nonlinear Schrödinger equation is revisited. In the limit where the group and phase velocities are very close together, a multiple-scale analysis carried out beyond all orders reveals that a single soliton, bright or dark, can travel at a different speed than the group velocity. In an exponentially small but finite range of parameters, the envelope of the soliton is locked to the rapid oscillations of the carrier wave. Eventually, the dynamics is governed by an equation analogous to that of a pendulum, in which the center of mass of the soliton is subjected to a periodic potential. Consequently, the soliton speed is not constant and generally contains a periodic component. Furthermore, the interaction between two distant solitons can in principle be profoundly altered by the aforementioned effective periodic potential and we conjecture the existence of new bound states. These results are derived on a wide class of wave models and in such a general way that they are believed to be of universal validity.