Article révisé par les pairs
|Background: Blind positioning of a high-resolution manometry (HRM) probe across the esophagogastric junction (EGJ) is not always possible. We report our experience using guidewire-assisted water-perfused HRM probe insertion when the EGJ could not be traversed. Methods: Retrospective study analyzing the failure rate of EGJ insertion during HRM, and reporting a series of guidewire-assisted procedures. Key Results: Among 2727 HRM procedures, the failure rate for traversing the EGJ was 2.7% (73 patients). The technique of guidewire-assisted placement of the HRM probe was used in 25 patients; it was well-tolerated and successful in all patients. No motility disorder was found in 6 patients. In four patients with previously diagnosed achalasia, achalasia subtype changed to type III in one patient. While a suspected motility disorder at barium esophagram and/or initial imperfect HRM tracing was confirmed in 10 patients, a new motility disorder was diagnosed in five patients using guidewire-assisted placement of the HRM probe. Conclusions and Inferences: In cases of inability to traverse the EGJ, insertion of a water-perfused HRM probe using an endoscopically-placed nasogastric guidewire allows successful EGJ and esophageal peristalsis assessment. Although motility disorders are often suspected using alternative diagnostic modalities, guidewire-assisted placement of HRM may be helpful for revealing them in patients where alternative diagnostic modalities are either unavailable or inconclusive.