par De Brabanter, Philippe
Référence Linguistics
Publication Publié, 2023-02-01
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Two major types of quotation theories can be distinguished according as they regard marks of quotation as necessary (type-1) or not necessary (type-2) for quotation. I argue that, taken at face value, the empirical evidence disqualifies type-1 theories. I then show that, even if we accept that surface appearances are deceptive — ‘unmarked’ quotations are simply not quotations, or absent marks are underlain by marks in hidden syntactic structure — type-1 theories still prove inadequate. By contrast, a particular form of type-2 theory, Depiction theory, is consistent with the empirical evidence, proves compatible with syntactic analyses that posit a covert quotative operator, and is equipped to account for the grammatically deviant behaviour of certain categories of quotations.