Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Background and Objective: Several cases of central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) in divers have been reported in our medical retina center over the past few years. This study was designed to evaluate possible changes induced by SCUBA diving in ophthalmic parameters and especially subfoveal choroidal thickness (SFCT), since the choroid seems to play a crucial role in physiopathology of CSC. Materials and Methods: Intraocular pressure (IOP), SFCT, pachymetry, flow-mediated dilation (FMD), blood pressure, and heart rate were measured in 15 healthy volunteer divers before diving, 30 and 60 min after a standard deep dive of 25 m depth for 25 min in a dedicated diving pool (NEMO 33). Results: SFCT reduces significantly to 96.63 ± 13.89% of pre-dive values (p = 0.016) 30 min after diving. It recovers after 60 min reaching control values. IOP decreases to 88.05 ± 10.04% of pre-dive value at 30 min, then increases to 91.42 ± 10.35% of its pre-dive value (both p < 0.0001). Pachymetry shows a slight variation, but is significantly increased to 101.63 ± 1.01% (p = 0.0159) of the pre-dive value, and returns to control level after 60 min. FMD pre-dive was 107 ± 6.7% (p < 0.0001), but post-dive showed a diminished increase to 103 ± 6.5% (p = 0.0132). The pre-post difference was significant (p = 0.03). Conclusion: Endothelial dysfunction leading to arterial stiffness after diving may explain the reduced SFCT observed, but SCUBA diving seems to have miscellaneous consequences on eye parameters. Despite this clear influence on SFCT, no clear relationship between CSC and SCUBA diving can be drawn.