Résumé : Autopsy is an important quality assurance indicator and a tool to advance medical knowledge. This study aims to compare the premortem clinical and postmortem pathology findings in patients who died in the Intensive Care Unit (ICU), to analyze if there are any discrepancies between them, and to compare the results to two similar studies performed in our institution in 2004 and 2007. Between January 1, 2016, and December 31, 2018, 888 patients died in the ICU and 473 underwent post-mortem examination (PME) of whom 437 were included in the present study. Autopsies revealed discrepancies between clinical diagnosis and pathologic findings according to in 101 cases (23.1%) according to Goldman classification. Forty-eight major discrepancies (class I and class II) were identified in 44 cases and the most frequent identified discrepancies were pulmonary embolism (3/12) as class I and malignancies (13/35) as class II. They were more frequent in patients hospitalized for less than 10 days then in the group with more than 10 days of hospitalization (13.8% vs 4.5%; p = 0.002). No statistical difference has been noticed concerning age, gender, and ICU stay. We observed an increase of performed autopsies and a total discrepancy rate similar to the studies performed in the same institution in 2004 (22.5%) and 2007 (21%). In conclusion, discrepancies between clinical and PME diagnoses persist despite the medical progress. Secondly, the autopsy after a short hospital stay may reveal unexpected findings whose diagnosis is challenging even if it may be suspected by the intensivist.