par Vandamme, Pierre-Etienne
Référence Raisons politiques, 82, 2, page (107-124)
Publication Publié, 2021-06-01
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : This article examines the extent to which the random selection of political representatives could be a vehicle for social justice. Given its ability to bring representatives of disadvantaged groups into positions of power, the answer may seem positive. However, it assumes that the representatives selected by lot from these groups are capable of acting in the best interest of the group - and thus that they are aware of the injustices they suffer and of effective ways to fight them. Yet both Marxist thought and contemporary social psychology have shown that such an "injustice consciousness"is not evident for people educated and socialized in contexts dominated by anti-egalitarian ideologies. Such a conscience is sometimes acquired only after a rather slow process of collective politicization, in an agonistic dynamic. Far from condemning political sortition, taking this reality into account invites measuring the benefits of citizens' assemblies taking place over a longer time, and not to lose sight of some benefits of electoral democracy, such as the capacity of political parties to mobilize and raise consciousness and the essential role played by civil society.