par Ferry, Jean-Marc
Référence The Routledge Handbook of Philosophy and Europe, Taylor and Francis, page (280-294)
Publication Publié, 2021-03
Partie d'ouvrage collectif
Résumé : If it were necessary to characterize in the field of political philosophy a general principle of Europe, it is the separation between public and private. This chapter provides an overview of the methodological considerations under which political liberalism has been able to elaborate the construction of a separation between private conviction, on the one hand, and public reason, on the other hand. It presents a formula of universal compatibility with individual freedoms. The modern separation between public and private clearly impacts moral conviction and religious faith. Both risk sectarian fragmentation because they are not exposed to the test of public requests for explanation and justification. The modern separation can have a negative impact on political reason, as in the case of a “republican” hardening of this partition, although in another way, in reversing the secularist scenario, public reason can be imbued with the liberal spirit of the law.