Résumé : Ruthenium (Ru) and osmium (Os) complexes are of sustained interest in cancer research and may be alternative to platinum-based therapy. We detail here three new series of ruthenium and osmium complexes, supported by physico-chemical characterizations, including time-dependent density functional theory, a combined experimental and computational study on the aquation reactions and the nature of the metal-arene bond. Cytotoxic profiles were then evaluated on several cancer cell lines although with limited success. Further investigations were, however, performed on the most active series using a genetic approach based on RNA interference and highlighted a potential multi-target mechanism of action through topoisomerase II, mitotic spindle, HDAC and DNMT inhibition.