par Pays, Etienne ;Nolan, Derek
Référence Current opinion in immunology, 72, page (13-20)
Publication Publié, 2021-10
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Human African trypanosomiasis, or sleeping sickness, results from infection by two subspecies of the protozoan flagellate parasite Trypanosoma brucei, termed Trypanosoma brucei gambiense and Trypanosoma brucei rhodesiense, prevalent in western and eastern Africa respectively. These subspecies escape the trypanolytic potential of human serum, which efficiently acts against the prototype species Trypanosoma brucei brucei, responsible for the Nagana disease in cattle. We review the various strategies and components used by trypanosomes to counteract the immune defences of their host, highlighting the adaptive genomic evolution that occurred in both parasite and host to take the lead in this battle. The main parasite surface antigen, named Variant Surface Glycoprotein or VSG, appears to play a key role in different processes involved in the dialogue with the host.