Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Purpose: To determine the possible relation between cervical sagittal balance and neck pain in patients having anterior cervical spine (ACS) surgery. Materials and methods: Retrospective monocentric study on 85 patients who underwent ACS surgery between 2014 and 2016. Clinically, all patients were assessed using the Neck Disability Index (NDI). Radiological assessment was achieved by MRI or CT-scan of the cervical spine allowing measurement of radiological parameters for preoperative cervical sagittal balance. These same criteria were measured postoperatively using X-rays. Results: There is a statistically significant increase in the Cobb angle postoperatively (10.34 degrees) compared to preoperatively (6.68 degrees) (p < 0.05). Concomitantly, there is a statistically significant decrease in NDI postoperatively (22.69%) compared to preoperatively (42.31%) (p < 0.01). There is a negative correlation between Cobb angle and NDI (r= −0.31) (p < 0.05). Conclusion: An improvement in the cervical sagittal balance after ACS surgery is accompanied by a reduction of neck pain. Radiological parameters of cervical sagittal balance may be taken into account when planning surgery in order to maintain cervical alignment and thereby limit the occurrence of neck pain.