Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : A new concept of vapour condenser is proposed to solve the drainage problem and to provide an effective condensate flow under weightlessness conditions. The concept combines the capability of a curvilinear surface to drive liquid, and a combination of a porous media and a pump, as an active condensate retraction system. The porous media collects and stores the condensed fluid and acts as a barrier for the vapour phase. Hydrodynamic validation of the liquid flow was done against retraction overflow under terrestrial conditions. It was figured out that the time available for adjusting the retraction system to avoid film disturbances decreased non-linearly with an increase in retraction overflow. The behaviour of the proposed condenser with the retraction system was tested under weightlessness condition during the ESA parabolic flights campaign as a part of concept validation. Three porous media with different values of the pore size and material were tested. It was found that the combination of the pump and porous media helped to improve the condensate flow. It was observed that the stabilisation effect was influencing the condensate flow not only during weightlessness condition but also under acceleration disturbances during the campaign.