Résumé : BACKGROUND: Severe asthma (SA) may require frequent courses or chronic use of oral corticosteroids (OCS), inducing many known side effects and complications. Therefore, it is important to identify risk factors of chronic use of OCS in SA, considering the heterogeneity of clinical and inflammatory asthma phenotypes. Another aim of the present analysis is to characterize a subpopulation of severe asthmatics, in whom blood eosinophil counts (BEC) remain elevated despite chronic OCS treatment. METHODS: In a cross-sectional analysis of 982 SA patients enrolled in the Belgian Severe Asthma Registry (BSAR) between March 2009 and February 2019, we investigated the characteristics of the OCS treated patients with special attention to their inflammatory profile. RESULTS: At enrollment, 211 (21%) SA patients were taking maintenance OCS (median dose: 8 [IQR: 5-10]) mg prednisone equivalent). BEC was high (> 400/mm3) in 44% of the OCS treated population. Multivariable logistic regression analysis showed that risk factors for chronic use of OCS in SA were late-onset asthma (i.e. age of onset > 40 yr), frequent exacerbations (i.e. ≥2 exacerbations in the previous year) and non-atopic asthma. Late-onset asthma was also a predictor for persistently high BEC in OCS treated SA patients. CONCLUSION: These data showed a significant association between a persistently high BEC and late-onset asthma in OCS treated SA patients. Whether it is poor compliance to treatment or corticosteroid insensitivity the reasons for this association warrants further investigation.