Résumé : This study presents an imaged-based shell modelling strategy for closed cell metallic foams exploiting X-ray Computed Tomography scans, with its illustration on ALCORAS foams. Based on an in situ X-ray CT compression test, the 3D segmentation is complemented by a watershed method and a geodesic reconstruction technique to isolate cells and to identify missing walls. An implicit 3D geometry is reconstructed for each cell based on a distance field computation technique. An automated procedure extracts a shell geometry from this implicit 3D geometry, followed by a finite element meshing step. The resulting FE model is solved using ABAQUS/Explicit with an elasto-plastic-damage constitutive model for the cell walls behaviour, and with consideration of contacts between cell walls. A comparison of the simulation results is conducted with experimental force-displacement curves and scanned deformed configurations. The deformation and failure mechanisms under quasi-static compression are investigated numerically and compared with the result of the in-situ experimental measurement. The simulation is shown to predict the yield zones on both the macroscopic and cell levels. A combination of correlated microstructural morphological features (cell size, cell wall thickness, surrounding cells) are identified as critical in {deformation} and failure mechanisms.