par Scillia, Pietro ;Bankier, Alexandre ;Gevenois, Pierre-Alain
Référence Critical Reviews in Computed Tomography, 45, page (293-307)
Publication Publié, 2004
Article sans comité de lecture
Résumé : By definition pulmonary edema is an abnormal accumulation of water in the lung. Consequently, the computed tomography (CT) appearance of pulmonary edema reflects the sequence of this accumulation. In early hydrostatic pulmonary edema, CT shows vascular engorgement and peribronchovascular cuffing that increases with the severity of edema and that is associate in late stage, with consolidations. In acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), CT shows the proportion of injured parenchyma and depicts associated alterations as parenchymal infiltrate and consolidation, pleural effusion, pneumothorax. These merely morphological findings can be complemented with data from objective CT analysis of the lung parenchyma. Indeed CT can assess lung water noninvasively. Correlated with hydrodynamic parameter, these objective measurements show that the increase of lung density parallels parenchymal fluid overload. These data also show that the occurrence of ground glass opacities can precede the hemodynamic evidence of edema.