Résumé : Objective: To assess the usefulness of orofacial strength and voice quality as assessment of response to levodopa challenge test (LCT) used in the diagnosis of early idiopathic Parkinson disease (IPD). Study Design: Controlled Prospective Study. Methods: From January 2014 to April 2019, patients with early IPD and healthy individuals were recruited and evaluated for clinical findings (Hoehn and Yahr scale; Unified Parkinson's Disease Rating Scale); Voice Handicap Index (VHI); grade of dysphonia, roughness, breathiness, asthenia, and strain and instability (GRBASI); maximal phonation time; phonation quotient; acoustic parameters; and orofacial muscle strength Oral Performance Instrument (IOPI; IOPI Medical, Woodinville, WA, USA) t) at baseline and 45 minutes after the levodopa intake (LCT). Results: A total of 32 IPD patients and 20 healthy individuals completed the study. Healthy individuals exhibited better VHI, grade of dysphonia, breathiness, asthenia, strain, instability, and acoustic measurements (noise-related, tremor, F0 short- and mid-term and intensity short-term parameters) than healthy subjects. The mean values of muscle strength of lips, cheeks, fundamental frequency (F0), highest F0, and shimmer significantly improved from pre- to post-LCT in IPD patients. Healthy individuals did not exhibit significant changes of orofacial strength and voice quality assessment from pre- to post-LCT. Significant associations were found between clinical, orofacial strength, and some aerodynamic and acoustic measurements. Conclusion: Orofacial strength and acoustic voice quality measurements may be used as objective outcomes of the LCT responsiveness in patients with early IPD. Level of Evidence: 3A. Laryngoscope, 2020.