par Steyaert, Henri
Référence Frontiers in Pediatrics, 7, page (352)
Publication Publié, 2019-12-01
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Purpose: Laparoscopic pyeloplasty in children younger than 1 year of age is still debatable due to its supposed technical difficulties and failure rate. We present our experience and outcome in infants. Materials and Methods: A retrospective study was conducted in 3 Departments of Pediatric Surgery. We reviewed the records of the children under 1 year of age operated on for ureteropelvic junction obstruction (UPJO), between 2007 and 2017. Anderson-Hynes laparoscopic transabdominal dismembered pyeloplasty was performed. Patients' demographics, results of preoperative and postoperative exams, perioperative details, complications, hospital stay, and long-term follow-up results were analyzed. Results: Sixty cases were operated on during this period (49 boys, 11 girls). Mean age at operation was 4.5 months (1-12 months). Mean operating time was 140 min (80-240 min). There was no conversion in this group. There were four early complications: 1 ileus, 1 hypertension immediately post-operatively requiring medical treatment, 1 omental herniation through a drain orifice, and 1 percutaneous transanastomotic stent migrated intra-abdominally. The two last children had to be reoperated. Mean hospital stay was of 2 days (1-10 days). Late complications: two patients (3.4%) presented a recurrence of UPJO, one had been re-operated 15 months later and for the patient with persistent hypertension, nephropexy was performed for malrotated kidney, 1 year after pyeloplasty. Long term follow-up with a mean of 2.8 years (1-10 years) showed that surgery improved mean pelvic dilatation from 31.8 mm (13-63 mm) preoperatively to 15.3 mm (4-40 mm) postoperatively (P < 0.0001). The renal function slightly improved, from a mean of 35.7% (5-55%) it passed to 40.5% (0-54%), p = 0.137. In three cases the operated kidney became finally non-functional and atrophic. Conclusions: Laparoscopic transperitoneal pyeloplasty is feasible and safe in children younger than 1 year of age. Nevertheless, it requires experience and good intra-abdominal suturing skills. Laparoscopic pyeloplasty has a success rate comparable with open treatment but with less morbidity and better cosmetic results.