par Gaspard, David ;Sparenberg, Jean-Marc
Référence International Journal of Quantum Information, page (1941004)
Publication Publié, 2020-01-01
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : The interaction of a quantum particle with a gaseous detector is studied in the quantum-mechanical state space of the particle-detector system by means of a simple stationary scattering 3D model. The particle is assumed to interact with N two-level point-like scatterers depicting the atoms of the detector. Due to the contact interaction, the particle scatters off the atoms in isotropic spherical waves. Remarkably, the Lippmann–Schwinger equation of this multiple scattering problem can be exactly solved in a nonperturbative way. The aim is to analyze the influence of the initial microstate of the detector on the observed outcome, and to understand the mechanism of track formation in gaseous detectors. It is shown that the differential cross-section of excitation must be large enough in the forward direction to get the formation of tracks. In addition, the relatively small influence of atomic positions is highlighted. These results are explained through a perturbative calculation.