Résumé : Desulfovibrio species are anaerobic Gram-negative bacilli that make up part of the human gastrointestinal and vaginal flora. Infection with these bacteria is usually secondary to an intra-abdominal source. Identification of these bacteria is possible using available contemporary methods. We report the first case of Desulfovibrio desulfuricans bacteraemia identified using matrix-assisted laser desorption ionization time-of-flight mass spectrometry (MALDI-TOF MS).