Résumé : Primary cultures of neonatal dermal fibroblasts from two strains of mice (A/J and C57BL6/J) were utilized as an in vitro system to investigate the effects of glucocorticoids on cell growth and collagen synthesis. Protein and DNA synthesis were lower in untreated (control) A/J fibroblasts than in C57BL6/J fibroblasts. Treatment with glucocorticoids for 4 days resulted in dose-dependent inhibition of [3H]thymidine incorporation into DNA and a reduction in collagen synthesis. Collagen synthesis was differentially more susceptible to glucocorticoids than was total protein synthesis. Neonatal dermal fibroblasts obtained from A/J mice were more sensitive to glucocorticoids than were cells from C57BL6/J mice. Reduction in collagen production by anti-inflammatory steroids in this system may be related to adverse effects observed in vivo following treatment with these steroids. © 1983 Informa UK Ltd All rights reserved: reproduction in whole or part not permitted.