par Lennert, Moritz ;Grippa, Taïs ;Radoux, Julien;Bassine, Céline;Beaumont, Benjamin ;Defourny, Pierre;Wolff, Eléonore
Référence FOSS4G 2019(26–30 August 2019: Bucharest, Romania), Proceedings of the academic track of the FOSS4G 2019 conference, The international archives of the photogrammetry, remote sensing and spatial information sciences (Volume XLII-4/W14)
Publication Publié, 2019-08-23
Publication dans des actes
Résumé : The Walloon region of Belgium has launched a research project that aims at elaborating a methodology for automated, high-quality land cover mapping, based primarily on its yearly 0.25m orthophoto coverage. Whereas in urban areas an object-based (OBIA) approach has been the privileged path in the last years as it allows taking into account shape information relevant for the characterization of man-made constructions, such an approach has its limits in the rural and more natural areas due to increased difficulties for segmentation and less sharp boundaries, thus calling for a pixel-based approach. The project thus consists in developing a combination of methods, and to integrate their results through an ensemble fusion approach. As many of the more natural land cover classes have temporal profiles which cannot be detected in a one-date orthoimage, Sentinel 1 and 2 data are also included in order to take advantage of their higher spectral and temporal resolution. All methods are trained using existing regional databases. In a second step, we combine the different LC classification results by fusioning them into one high-accuracy (over 90% OA) product, using a series of different approaches ranging from rule-based to machine learning to the Dempster-Shafer method. The entire toolchain is based on free and open source software, mainly GRASS GIS and Orfeo ToolBox. Results indicate the importance of the quality of the individual classifications for the fusion results and justify the choice of combining OBIA and pixelbased approaches in order to avoid the pitfalls of each.