Résumé : Introduction: Sub-Saharan Africa (SSA) has the highest stroke prevalence along with a case fatality that amounts to 40%. We aimed to assess the effect of a minimal setting stroke unit in SSA Public hospital on stroke mortality and main medical complications. Materials and Methods: The study was set in Conakry, Guinea, Ignace Deen public referral hospital. Clinical characteristics, hospital mortality and main medical stroke complications rates (pneumonia, urinary tract infections, sores and venous thromboembolism) of admitted stroke patients after the installation of a minimal stroke unit equipped with heart rate, blood pressure and blood oxygen saturation monitoring and portable oxygen concentrator (POST) were compared to a similar number of stroke patients admitted before the stroke unit creation (PRE). Results: PRE (n = 318) and POST (n = 361) stroke, patients were comparable in term of age (61 ± 14 vs. 60 ± 14.8 years, p = 0.24), sex (56 vs. 50% males, p = 0.09), High blood pressure rate (76.7 vs. 79%, p = 0.44), stroke subtype (ischemic in 72 vs. 78% of cases, p = 0.05) and NIHSS (11 ± 4 vs. 11 ± 4, p = 0.85). Diabetes was more frequent in the PRE group (19 vs. 9%, p < 0.001). Mortality was significantly lower in the POST group (7.2 vs. 22.3%, p < 0.0001) as well as medical complications (4.1 vs. 27.7%, p < 0.001) and lower pneumonia rate (3.3 vs. 14.5%, p < 0.001). Conclusions: Minimally equipped stroke units significantly reduce stroke mortality and main medical complications in SSA.