Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : The usefulness of 99mTc-Pyrophosphate (99mTc-PPi) bone scintigraphy was evaluated in the follow up of 21 haemodialysed patients without clinical or radiological evidence of osteodystrophy. 99mTc-PPi bone scintigraphy was semi-quantitatively analysed using Fogelman's score. Patients were randomised to receive vitamin D analogues (1 alpha hydroxyvitamin D3 or dihydrotachysterol, n = 12) or to serve as controls (n = 9), both groups being given oral calcium supplements. Bone scintigraphy deteriorated in patients only on calcium therapy but not in patients treated by vitamin D-analogues. Vitamin D therapy reduced secondary hyperparathyroidism in all cases but induced rapid intoxication with normal doses in 4 of the 12 treated patients. Since intoxicated patients had significantly lower Fogelman's score than the patients who tolerated the treatment well, 99mTc-PPi bone scintigraphy is proposed as a screening test before vitamin D-analogues trials.