Résumé : Objective: The major aim of this multicenter study of the European Group for the Study of Resistant Depression (GSRD) was to elucidate associations between major depressive disorder (MDD) and comorbid diabetes. Methods: Demographic and clinical information of 1410 patients with a primary MDD diagnosis according to DSM-IV were retrieved cross-sectionally between 2012 and 2016. By applying descriptive statistics, analyses of covariance (ANCOVA) and binary logistic regression analyses, a comparison between patient characteristics with and without comorbid diabetes was performed. Results: The point prevalence rate for comorbid diabetes across MDD patients was 6%. Individuals with MDD + comorbid diabetes were significantly older, heavier, more likely to be inpatient and diagnosed with additional comorbid chronic somatic diseases. In addition, current suicide risk was significantly increased and melancholic features were more likely pronounced. In general, patients in the MDD + diabetes group received a combination therapy with at least one additional antidepressant rather than various other augmentation strategies. Conclusion: Our analyses depict a lower prevalence rate of diabetes in MDD patients than previous studies. However, in light of the prevalence of diabetes in the geographical area of the study, we found an increased risk for individuals with depression compared to the general population. Current suicide risk is markedly elevated and has to be thoroughly assessed in every patient with comorbid diabetes. Depression severity and treatment response remained unaffected by concurrent diabetes in MDD.