par Dierickx, Laurence
Editeur scientifique Zamith, Fernando;Jeronimo, Pedro;Ana Isabel, Reis;Ferreira, Cristina
Référence COBCIBER(6: 22-23/11/2018: Porto), Ameaças ao Ciberjornalismo, Atas do VI Congresso Internacional de Ciberjornalismo, Universidade do Porto - Faculdade de Letras, Porto, Vol. 1, Ed. 1, page (396)
Publication Publié, 2019-03-21
Publication dans des actes
Résumé : Automated news production is a growing phenomenon which can be considered as a continuation of automation in newsrooms as well as an avatar of data driven journalism. Considering that no human being can compete with those information systems, this research intends to focus on how they can be complementary to human journalists. It supposes to define the relationship between journalism and automation technologies, to establish the conditions of a fruitful man-machine association, and to examine the potential incidences of automation on professional practices. This research is based on a multidisciplinary theoretical framework, which has framed two ethnographic studies lead in two Belgian newsrooms in 2017 and 2018.The first experience consisted in developing an automated web application that collects, stores, and generates real time stories, providing analysis about air quality data in Brussels and supporting a wider investigative project. If data are providing facts, they tell nothing about the causes and the consequences of air pollutants. The object of the second experience is to support financial journalists in their daily routines, with the automation of the live reporting of stock markets data.Although everything seems to separate the two newsrooms observed, both in terms of size and of structure, the points of convergence are to be found in the purpose of these technologies, which in both cases endorse the double status of object and tool of journalism. But to be used, their intrinsic characteristics must encounter journalistic requirements and values which should be embedded within the design. Representations play an important role to shape the uses and the non-uses and they can evolve so far as the tool is experimented. It can also lead to reconsider professional practices.