par Goriely, Stéphane ;Siess, Lionel
Référence Astronomy & astrophysics, 378, 1, page (25-28)
Publication Publié, 2001
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Contrary to previous expectations, recent evolutionary models of zero-metallicity stars that the development of mixing episodes at the beginning of the AGB phase allows low- and intermediate-mass stars to experience thermal pulses. It these stars, like their metal-rich counterparts, also experience partial mixing of protons from the H-rich envelope into the C-rich layer at the time of the third dredge-up, an extensive neutron capture nucleosynthesis leads to the production of s-process nuclei up to Pb and Bi. Nucleosynthesis calculations based on stellar AGB models are performed assuming a parameterized H-abundance profile below the convective envelope at the time of the third dredge-up. Despite the absence of Fe-group elements, the large neutron flux resulting from the 13C(α,n)16O reaction leads to an efficient production of s-process elements starting from the neutron captures on the C-Ne isotopes. Provided partial mixing of protons takes place, it is shown that population III AGB stars should be enriched in s-process elements and overall in Pb and Bi.