par Jabbour, Michael ;Cerf, Nicolas
Référence Journal of Physics A: Mathematical and Theoretical, 52, 10, 105302
Publication Publié, 2019-02-01
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : We introduce a class of quantum channels called passive-environment bosonic channels. These channels are relevant from a quantum thermodynamical viewpoint because they correspond to the energy-preserving linear coupling of a bosonic system with a bosonic environment that is in a passive state (no energy can be extracted from it with a unitary transformation) followed by discarding the environment. The Fock-majorization relation defined in Jabbour et al (2016 New J. Phys. 18 073047) happens to be particularly useful in this context as, unlike regular majorization, it connects the disorder of a state together with its energy. Our main result here is the preservation of Fock-majorization across all passive-environment bosonic channels. This implies a similar preservation for regular majorization over the set of passive states, and also extends to the passive-environment bosonic channels whose Stinespring dilation involves an active Gaussian unitary. Beyond bosonic systems, the class of passive-environment operations as defined here naturally generalizes the set of thermal operations and is expected to provide new insights into the thermodynamics of quantum systems.