par Palumbo, Giandomenico ;Goldman, Nathan
Référence Physical review letters, 121, 17, 170401
Publication Publié, 2018-10
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Monopoles are intriguing topological objects, which play a central role in gauge theories and topological states of matter. While conventional monopoles are found in odd-dimensional flat spaces, such as the Dirac monopole in three dimensions and the non-Abelian Yang monopole in five dimensions, more exotic objects were predicted to exist in even dimensions. This is the case of "tensor monopoles," which are associated with tensor (Kalb-Ramond) gauge fields, and which can be defined in four-dimensional flat spaces. In this work, we investigate the possibility of creating and measuring such a tensor monopole in condensed-matter physics by introducing a realistic three-band model defined over a four-dimensional parameter space. Our probing method is based on the observation that the topological charge of this tensor monopole, which we relate to a generalized Berry curvature, can be directly extracted from the quantum metric. We propose a realistic three-level atomic system, where tensor monopoles could be generated and revealed through quantum-metric measurements.