Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Acute kidney injury (AKI) is a major public health concern, which is contributing to serious hospital complications, chronic kidney disease (CKD) and even death. Renal ischemia-reperfusion injury (IRI) remains a leading cause of AKI. The stress-responsive enzyme, heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) mediates protection against renal IRI and may be preventively induced using hemin prior to renal insult. This HO-1 induction pathway called hemin preconditioning is largely known to be effective. Therefore, HO-1 might be an interesting therapeutic target in case of predictable AKI (e.g. partial nephrectomy or renal transplantation). However, the use of hemin to mitigate established AKI remains poorly characterized. Mice underwent bilateral renal IRI for 26 min or sham surgery. After surgical procedure, animals were injected either with hemin (5 mg/kg) or vehicle. Twenty-four hours later, mice were sacrificed. Despite strong HO-1 induction, hemin-treated mice exhibited significant renal damage and oxidative stress as compared to vehicle-treated mice. Interestingly, higher dose of hemin is associated with more severe IRI-induced AKI in a dose-dependent relation. To determine whether hemin preconditioning remains efficient to dampen postoperative hemin-amplified IRI-induced AKI, we pretreated mice either with hemin (5 mg/kg) or vehicle 24 h prior to surgical procedure. Then, all mice (hemin- and vehicle-pretreated) received postoperative injection of hemin (5 mg/kg) to amplify IRI-induced AKI. In comparison to vehicle, prior administration of hemin to renal IRI mitigated hemin-amplified IRI-induced AKI as attested by fewer renal damage, inflammation and oxidative stress. In conclusion, hemin may have a dual effect on renal IRI, protective or deleterious, depending on the timing of its administration.