Résumé : Sleep plays an important role in cognitive functioning. However, few studies have investigated the sleep network organization. The aim of our study was to empirically investigate the presence and the stability with age of a small-world network organization during REM and slow-wave sleep using the effective connectivity measured by the Granger causality. Polysomnographic data from 30 healthy men recruited prospectively were analysed. To obtain the 19 × 19 connectivity matrix of all possible pairwise combinations of electrodes by the Granger causality method from our EEG data, we used the Toolbox MVGC multivariate Granger causality. The computation of the network measures was realised by importing these connectivity matrices into the EEGNET Toolbox. Even if all small-world coefficients obtained are compatible with a small-world network organization during REM and slow-wave sleep, slow-wave sleep seems to have a small-world network organization more marked than REM sleep. Moreover, the sleep network organization is affected greater by age during REM sleep than during slow-wave sleep. In healthy individuals, the highlighting of a sleep network organization during slow-wave sleep more stable with age and with small-world characteristics more marked than during REM sleep may help to better understand the global and local processing of information during sleep.