Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Physiologically based models could facilitate better understanding of mechanisms underlying epileptic seizures. In this paper, we attempt to reveal the dynamic evolution of intracranial EEG activity during epileptic seizures based on synaptic gain identification procedure of a neural mass model. The distribution of average excitatory, slow and fast inhibitory synaptic gain in the parameter space and their temporal evolution, i.e., the path through the model parameter space, were analyzed in thirty seizures from ten temporal lobe epileptic patients. Results showed that the synaptic gain values located roughly on a plane before seizure onset, dispersed during seizure and returned to the plane when seizure terminated. Cluster analysis was performed on seizure paths and demonstrated consistency in synaptic gain evolution across different seizures from the individual patient. Furthermore, two patient groups were identified, each one corresponding to a specific synaptic gain evolution in the parameter space during a seizure. Results were validated by a bootstrapping approach based on comparison with random paths. The differences in the path revealed variations in EEG dynamics for patients despite showing identical seizure onset pattern. Our approach may have the potential to classify the epileptic patients into subgroups based on different mechanisms revealed by subtle changes in synaptic gains and further enable more robust decisions regarding treatment strategy.