par Erneux, Thomas ;Barbay, Sylvain
Référence Physical Review E, 97, 6, 062214
Publication Publié, 2018-06
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Excitable lasers with saturable absorbers are currently investigated as potential candidates for low level spike processing tasks in integrated optical platforms. Following a small perturbation of a stable equilibrium, a single and intense laser pulse can be generated before returning to rest. Motivated by recent experiments [Selmi, Phys. Rev. E 94, 042219 (2016)10.1103/PhysRevE.94.042219], we consider the rate equations for a laser containing a saturable absorber (LSA) and analyze the effects of different initial perturbations. With its three steady states and following Hodgkin classification, the LSA is a Type I excitable system. By contrast to perturbations on the intensity leading to the same intensity pulse, perturbations on the gain generate pulses of different amplitudes. We explain these distinct behaviors by analyzing the slow-fast dynamics of the laser in each case. We first consider a two-variable LSA model for which the conditions of excitability can be explored in the phase plane in a transparent manner. We then concentrate on the full three variable LSA equations and analyze its solutions near a degenerate steady bifurcation point. This analysis generalizes previous results [Dubbeldam, Phys. Rev. E 60, 6580 (1999)1063-651X10.1103/PhysRevE.60.6580] for unequal carrier density rates. Last, we discuss a fundamental difference between neuron and laser models.