Travail de recherche/Working paper
Résumé : The importance of cross-border portability of social benefits is increasing in parallel withthe rise in the absolute number of international migrants and their share of the worldpopulation, and perhaps more importantly, with the rising share of world population thatfor some part of their life is working and/or retiring abroad. This paper estimates how therising stock of migrants is distributed over four key portability regimes: those with portabilitythrough bilateral social security arrangements (regime I); those with potential exportabilityof eligible benefits from abroad (regime II); documented workers with no access to nationalschemes but no contribution payment either (regime III); and undocumented workers withno access to any scheme (regime IV). Estimates for 2000 and 2013 are compared. Theresults indicate a modest but noticeable increase in the share of migrants under regime I,from 21.9 percent in 2000 to 23.3 percent in 2013. The biggest change occurred underregime III, which almost doubled to 9.4 percent. Regime II reduced by 3.0 percentagepoints but remains the dominant scheme (at 53.2 percent). The estimates suggest that thescope of regime IV (informality) reduced by 2.9 percentage points, accounting for 14.0 ofall migrants in 2013. This trend is positive, but more will need to be done to progress onbenefit portability.