Résumé : Helicobacter Pylori (H. Pylori) is the most common cause of peptic ulcer disease (PUD) and represents a strong risk factor for gastric cancer. Treatment of H. Pylori is, therefore, a persistent need to avoid serious medical complications. Resistance to antibiotics remains to be the major challenge for H. Pylori eradication. In this study, we determined the prevalence of H. pylori infection and evaluated H. pylori eradication efficacy of bismuth-containing quadruple therapy (Pylera) versus 14-days sequential therapy in treatment naïve-Lebanese patients. 1030 patients, showing symptoms of peptic ulcer (PU) and gastritis, underwent 14C-Urea Breath Test and esophagogastroduodenoscopy to examine H. Pylori infection and gastrointestinal disorders. Among the H. Pylori-positive patients 60 individuals were randomly selected, separated into two groups (each consisting of 30 patients) and treated with either bismuth-containing quadruple therapy or 14-days sequential therapy. We show that of the 1050 patients tested: 46.2% were H. pylori-positive, 55% had gastritis, 46.2% had both gastritis and H. pylori infection, 8.8% had gastritis but no H. pylori infection, 44.9% had neither gastritis nor H. pylori infection. Following the 14-days sequential therapy, the eradication rate was significantly higher than that obtained upon using bismuth-containing quadruple therapy [80% (24/30) versus 50% (15/30), χ2 = 5.93, P = 0.015]. In conclusion, we determined H. pylori and gastritis prevalence among Lebanese PU-patients and showed that 14-days sequential therapy is more efficient than bismuth-containing quadruple therapy in terms of H. Pylori-eradication.