par L'Hévéder, Blandine;Mortier, Laurent;Testor, Pierre;Lekien, Francois
Référence Journal of atmospheric and oceanic technology, 30, 7, page (1472-1493)
Publication Publié, 2013
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : This study presents an Observing System Simulation Experiment (OSSE) with a network of gliders in a realistic mesoscale field of eddies and filaments. The main objective is to demonstrate that the analysis skill evaluation, performed with different statistics, determines the optimal number of gliders needed to survey a "glider observatory" with a given simple topology of the glider array, in the shape of a "double comb." Metrics, based on a spatial interpolation of the sampled data with a multiscale objective analysis method, are elaborated to evaluate the reconstruction of the three-dimensional temperature field with several glider networks, at a weekly time scale. The mesoscale structures obtained by the optimal network (front, eddies, eddies detachment) are also compared with the structures of the original simulation. This comparison demonstrates the efficiency of a glider fleet to sample a well-defined area at a given spatiotemporal scale. In this particular situation (midlatitude region, domain of 400km × 600 km, reconstruction of weekly snapshots), the optimum network is composed of 10 gliders. Arelationship is highlighted between the spatial scales of the sampled area, the physical characteristics of the studied region, the reconstruction time scale, and the optimum number of gliders. The results presented here can be applied to design an actual in situ experiment. © 2013 American Meteorological Society.