Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : The developments in neurosciences, primatology and cognitive sciences allow us to study culture from a new angle, by describing the biological mechanisms underlying the basic features of the cultural phenomenon. The epigenetic development of the brain and the study of cognitive capacities throughout primate's evolution are paving the way for a naturalist description of the cultural phenomenon by causally linking biological and anthropological data. These scientific advances challenge the idea of a jump between culture and nature and show how the nature/culture dual model is counterproductive for the understanding of the human being as a whole.