par Martel, Samuel;Maurer, Christian;Lambertini, Matteo ;Pondé, Noam;Azambuja, Evandro
Référence Expert opinion on drug safety, 16, 9, page (1021-1038)
Publication Publié, 2017-09
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Introduction: Breast cancer is the most frequent cancer affecting women worldwide. In every setting, the majority of women are treated with an evergrowing arsenal of therapeutic agents that have greatly improved their outcomes. However, these therapies can also be associated with significant adverse events. Areas covered: This review aims to thoroughly describe the current state of the evidence regarding the potential cardiotoxicity of agents commonly used in the treatment of breast cancer. These include chemotherapeutic agents, anti-HER2 therapies and CDK4/6 and mTOR inhibitors. Furthermore, issues related to the risk stratification and monitoring tools are explored. Expert opinion: Anthracycline- and trastuzumab-related cardiac toxicities have been extensively studied. Substantial evidence is now available concerning additional anti-HER2 agents such as pertuzumab, T-DM1 and tyrosine kinase inhibitors; overall, the cardiotoxicity profile is reassuring. Cardiac events due to endocrine therapy are mostly ischemic and, in the context of prolonged therapy, need specific attention. Novel agents implicated in the treatment of hormone receptor-positive disease are potentially arrhythmogenic and the exact risk will need to be further refined. As for today, assessment of baseline risk factors prior to treatment initiation and cardiac imaging before and during treatment remains the optimal way to prevent cardiac dysfunction. Cardioprotective therapy in primary prevention is still a matter of debate.