par Godefroid, Blaise ;Kozyreff, Gregory
Référence Physical review applied, 8, 034024
Publication Publié, 2017-09-25
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : We study the radiative decay, or fluorescence, of excitons in organic solar cells as a function of its geometrical parameters. Contrary to their non-radiative counterpart, fluorescence losses strongly depend on the environment. By properly tuning the thicknesses of the buffer layers between the active regions of the cell and the electrodes, the exciton lifetime and, hence, the exciton diffusion length can be increased. The importance of this phenomenon depends on the radiative quantum efficiency, which is the fraction of the exciton decay that is intrinsically due to fluorescence. Besides this effect, interferences within the cell control the efficiency of sunlight injection into the active layers. An optimal cell design must rely on the consideration of these two aspects. By properly managing fluorescence losses, one can significantly improve the cell performance. To demonstrate this fact, we use realistic material parameters inspired from literature data and obtain an increase of power conversion efficiency from 11.3% to 12.7%. Conversely, not to take into account the strong dependence of fluorescence on the environment may lead to a sub-optimal cell design and a degradation of cell performance. The presence of radiative losses, however small, significantly changes the optimal thicknesses. We illustrate this latter situation with experimental material data.