par Moreau, Elisabeth
Référence Renaissance Society of America - RSA Annual Meeting (30 Mar - 1 April 2017: Chicago, IL (USA))
Publication Non publié, 2017
Communication à un colloque
Résumé : Innate heat is a long-established concept from Galenic medicine, defined as a subtle body proper to living beings. Associated with spirit, it forms a vital substance, as an instrument of the soul to animate the body and operate the physiological functions. Such Galenic notion was challenged by the Paracelsian concepts of balsam and vital Sulfur: a fertile “matter,” responsible for the conservation and the propagation of seeds. This paper examines the controversial argument against the Paracelsian dismissal of innate heat by German chymist Andreas Libau or Libavius (ca. 1555–1616) in his Examen philosophiae novae (Frankfurt, 1615). In addition to Libavius’s strive for a chymical compromise with the Galenic tradition, it will focus on his polemical stance against fellow German physicians such as Johannes Hartmann (1568–1631) and Oswald Croll (ca. 1560–1609).