par Hermans, Michiel ;Antonik, Piotr ;Haelterman, Marc ;Massar, Serge
Référence Physical review letters, 117, 128301
Publication Publié, 2016-09-16
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : Delay-coupled electro-optical systems have received much attention for their dynamical properties and their potential use in signal processing. In articular, it has recently been demonstrated, using the artificial intelligence algorithm known as reservoir computing, that photonic implementations of such systems solve complex tasks such as speech recognition. Here, we show how the backpropagation algorithm can be physically implemented on the same electro-optical delay-coupled architecture used for computation with only minor changes to the original design. We find that, compared to when the backpropagation algorithm is not used, the error rate of the resulting computing device, evaluated on three benchmark tasks, decreases considerably. This demonstrates that electro-optical analog computers can embody a large part of their own training process, allowing them to be applied to new, more difficult tasks.