Résumé : Background: The World Health Organization (WHO) released updated guidelines for the screening, care and treatment of patients with chronic hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection. Methods: A previously described HCV disease burden model was used to develop a “WHO scenario” to achieve the WHO recommendations of a 90% reduction in incidence and 65% reduction in liver-related deaths. After determining the steps necessary to achieve this goal, the impact of realistic constraints was modeled. Results: In 2015, there were 66.200 viremic infections, with 43% diagnosed and 1.350 treated. In order to reduce new infections, treatment must be extended to ≥ F0 patients, including people who inject drugs and other individuals at risk of transmitting HCV. Additionally, diagnosis and treatment of 3.030 and 4.060 patients, respectively, would be required. The largest attenuation of the WHO scenario would occur if no new cases were diagnosed after 2018 (300% more viremic infections by 2030). Limiting treatment to ≥ F2 patients or treating fewer patients (3.000) would result in 220% or 140% more viremic cases, respectively, compared with the WHO scenario. Conclusions: Achieving the WHO guidelines in Belgium requires a coordinated effort to scale up treatment and prevention efforts and to allow treatment access to patients of all fibrosis stages. A scale-up of treatment, however, requires patients to be both diagnosed and linked to care, suggesting a need for increased awareness and expanded screening efforts. Finally, prevention of new HCV infections requires a comprehensive understanding of the population at risk of transmitting HCV.