par Murray, Fiona;Aghion, Philippe;Dewatripont, Mathias ;Kolev, Julian;Stern, Scott
Référence American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, 8, 1, page (212-252)
Publication Publié, 2016
Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : This paper argues that openness, by lowering costs to access existing research, can enhance both early and late stage innovation through greater exploration of novel research directions. We examine a natural experiment in openness: late-1990s NIH agreements that reduced academics' access costs regarding certain genetically engineered mice. Implementing difference-in-differences estimators, we find that increased openness encourages entry by new researchers and exploration of more diverse research paths, and does not reduce the creation of new genetically engineered mice. Our findings highlight a neglected cost of strong intellectual property restrictions: lower levels of exploration leading to reduced diversity of research output.