Article révisé par les pairs
Résumé : An association between impaired maternal vitamin A status during pregnancy and increased risk of mother-to-child transmission (MTCT) of HIV has been documented in observational studies.1 However vitamin A supplementation during pregnancy has not shown any efficacy in reducing the overall MTCT risk.2,3 WHO recommends vitamin A supplementation in all women within the first six weeks after delivery, complementary to the child supplementation4. Limited information is available on vitamin A in breastmilk of West-African women and its association with the risk of MTCT. We evaluated such a relationship in Côte d’Ivoire and Burkina Faso. A secondary objective was to assess the association between milk and maternal serum retinol levels at day 45 post-partum.